What Are The Most Common Causes Of Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease. If this problem is not resolved it can result in severe damage to the gums and loss of the teeth as well. Gingivitis can occur for several different reasons and many of these can be prevented. These are some of the most common causes of gingivitis.

Poor Dental Hygiene 

When the teeth are not properly brushed and flossed regularly, plaque begins to develop on the surface of the gums and teeth. Plaque is a thick film of bacteria that causes the gums to become sore and irritated and the teeth to deteriorate over time.

Fortunately, if you start practicing good dental hygiene this will often reverse the effects of plaque. By brushing and flossing your teeth regularly as directed by your dentist and having regular dental check-ups, it is possible to improve the condition of your teeth and prevent gingivitis from doing further damage.

Tobacco Use 

Both smoking and the use of smokeless tobacco can also cause gingivitis. The nicotine that is absorbed into the gum tissue prevents gum tissue cells from functioning properly. The acid that is held in the mouth while using smokeless tobacco also eats away at the gum tissue and breaks down the enamel of the teeth. Stopping the use of tobacco can prevent gingivitis from advancing and allow the gum tissues to heal and function properly again.


Certain prescription medications may decrease the amount of saliva the mouth can produce. If the teeth and gums do not stay moist, this can cause irritation and lead to gingivitis. If you are taking medications that have dry mouth as a side effect, it is a good idea to speak to your doctor about taking a different medication or finding other ways to keep your teeth and gums moisturized properly.

Improper Nutrition 

Just like the rest of the body requires proper nutrition, so do the teeth and gums. If your diet is high in sugar and carbohydrates, you may unknowingly be causing damage to your teeth and gums. Cutting back on the sugar and carbs in your diet is very important to maintain healthy teeth and gums.

Drinking water frequently and including plenty of Vitamin C in your diet will also keep your gums and teeth healthy. If you do not consume many foods that are high in Vitamin C, taking a vitamin supplement can also help prevent gingivitis.

Gingivitis is also believed to be a hereditary condition. However, if your dentist is aware of a family history of this disease, he can advise you in practicing the best dental habits to prevent it from occurring to you.

Go to a website like http://www.brooksidedentalgroup.com to contact a dentist and learn more about how to prevent and treat gingivitis.